Practical Enhancements in Current Density and Power Generation of Bifacial Semitransparent Ultrathin CIGSe Solar Cells via Utilization of Wide Bandgap Zn-Based Buffer

Among many building-integrated semitransparent photovoltaics (BISTPVs), semitransparent ultrathin (STUT) Cu(Inx ,Ga1-x )Se2 (CIGSe) solar cells are distinguishable due to their potential high power conversion efficiency (PCE) among other thin-film solar cells, versatile applicability based on thin film deposition processes, high stability consisting of all inorganic compositions, and practical expandability to bifacial applications.
However,Bio Med Frontiers the fundamental trade-off relationship between PCE and transparency limits the performance of BISTPV because implementing a higher semitransparency lowers the optical budget of incoming light.
To expand the available optical budget and to enhance the PCE while maintaining a suitable transparency in STUT CIGSe solar cell with single-stage coevaporated 500-nm-thick absorber, an atomic layer deposited wide bandgap Zn(O,S) buffer is introduced as the replacement of conventional CdS buffer, which partially limits incoming light less than 520 nm in wavelength.
As a replacement result, more incoming light becomes valid for power conversion, and the short circuit current density (Jsc ) has increased comparatively by 17%, which has directly lead to a large increase in PCE up to 12.41%. Furthermore, Zn(O,S) buffer in the STUT CIGSe solar cell also has enhanced the bifacial compatible efficiency (BCE), which has increased to 14.44% at 1.3 sun and 19.42% at 2.0 sun.

Hydroxyl radical and carbonate radical facilitate chlortetracycline degradation in the bio-photoelectrochemical system with a bioanode and a Bi 2 O 3/CuO photocathode using bicarbonate buffer

  • The single-chamber bio-photoelectrochemical system (BPES) with a bioanode and a Bi2O3/CuO photocathode is developed for chlortetracycline (CTC) degradation under simulated solar irradiation, using phosphate buffer solution (PBS) or NaHCO3 as buffer solution.
  • The optimized Bi2O3/CuO photocathode possesses rich vacancies, great photoresponse capability, and exhibits great photocatalytic activity toward CTC degradation due to its Z-scheme structure.
  • Electron spin-resonance spectroscopy (ESR) and reactive species trapping experiments reveal that superoxide radicals/hydroxyl radicals are both the main radicals contributing to CTC degradation.
  • Moreover, carbonate radical plays a more effective role toward CTC degradation, Contact resulting in 40% improvement for CTC degradation in the BPES within 2 h. Higher current density (maximum of 137.6 A m-3) and more negative cathode potential are obtained from the illuminated BPES with NaHCO3 buffer. Possible mechanism and pathways of CTC degradation are proposed.
  • This study contributes to the development of BPESs for antibiotics degradation.

Can social support buffer the association between loneliness and hypertension? a cross-sectional study in rural China

Hypertension has reached epidemic levels in rural China, where loneliness has been a major problem among community dwellers as a consequence of rural-to-urban migration among younger generations. The objective of the study is to investigate the association between loneliness and hypertension, and whether social support can buffer the association (i.e., stress buffering theory), using cross-sectional data from 765 adults (mean age: 59.1 years) in rural Fujian, China.
 Social support was measured as the reciprocal instrumental social support from/to neighbors and the reciprocal emotional support (i.e., the number of close friends that the respondent could turn to for help immediately when they are in trouble).
A mixed-effect Poisson regression model with a robust variance estimator was used to investigate the association between loneliness, social support, and hypertension.
Analysis revealed that those who were lonely had a higher prevalence ratio for hypertension (prevalence ratio = 1.12, 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.26) compared to those who reported not being lonely.
There was an interaction between social support and loneliness in relation to hypertension.
Specifically, contrary to the stress buffering theory, the positive association between loneliness and hypertension was more pronounced among those who reported higher social support compared to those who reported lower support (p for interaction <0.001 for instrumental support).
The results suggest that being lonely despite high levels of social support poses the greatest risk for hypertension. This study did not confirm a buffering effect of social support on the association between loneliness and hypertension.

Highly Stable Buffer-Based Zinc Oxide/Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanosurface Chemistry for Rapid Immunosensing of SARS-CoV-2 Antigens

The widespread and long-lasting effect of the COVID-19 pandemic has called attention to the significance of technological advances in the rapid diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 virus.
This study reports the use of a highly stable buffer-based zinc oxide/reduced graphene oxide (bbZnO/rGO) nanocomposite coated on carbon screen-printed electrodes for electrochemical immuno-biosensing of SARS-CoV-2 nuelocapsid (N-) protein antigens in spiked and clinical samples.
The incorporation of a salt-based (ionic) matrix for uniform dispersion of the nanomixture eliminates multistep nanomaterial synthesis on the surface of the electrode and enables a stable single-step sensor nanocoating.
The immuno-biosensor provides a limit of detection of 21 fg/mL over a linear range of 1-10 000 pg/mL and exhibits a sensitivity of 32.07 ohms·mL/pg·mm2 for detection of N-protein in spiked samples.
The N-protein biosensor is successful in discriminating positive and negative clinical samples within 15 min, demonstrating its proof of concept used as a COVID-19 rapid antigen test.

Comparison between Nasal and Nasopharyngeal Swabs for SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Antigen Detection in an Asymptomatic Population, and Direct Confirmation by RT-PCR from the Residual Buffer

Containment measures employed during the COVID-19 pandemic included prompt recognition of cases, isolation, and contact tracing. Bilateral nasal (NA) swabs applied to a commercial antigen-based rapid diagnostic test (Ag-RDT) offer a simpler and more comfortable alternative to nasopharyngeal (NP) collection; however, little is known about the sensitivity of this method in an asymptomatic population.
Participants in community-based asymptomatic testing sites were screened for SARS-CoV-2 using an Ag-RDT with NP sampling.
Positive individuals returned for confirmatory molecular testing and consented to repeating the Ag-RDT using a bilateral NA swab for comparison. Residual test buffer (RTB) from Ag-RDTs was subjected to real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Of 123,617 asymptomatic individuals, 197 NP Ag-RDT-positive participants were included, with 175 confirmed positive by RT-PCR.
Of these cases, 154 were identified from the NA swab collection with Ag-RDT, with a sensitivity of 88.0% compared to the NP swab collection.
Stratifying results by RT-PCR cycle threshold demonstrated that sensitivity of the nasal collection method varied based on the cycle threshold (CT) value of the paired RT-PCR sample. RT-PCR testing on the RTB from the Ag-RDT using NP and NA swab collections resulted in 100.0% and 98.7% sensitivity, respectively.

TT Buffer (Tris-Tricine buffer) Primix powder

TD8133 Bio Basic 1PK, 10L 91.32 EUR


IB47090 IBI Scientific 80ML 86.87 EUR


IB47091 IBI Scientific 240ML 231.66 EUR


IB47093 IBI Scientific 45ML 45.66 EUR


IB47094 IBI Scientific 130ML 82.18 EUR


IB47096 IBI Scientific 30ML 69.55 EUR


IB47464 IBI Scientific 60ML 52.53 EUR


IB72000 IBI Scientific 125ML 27.81 EUR


IB72001 IBI Scientific 125ML X 12/PACK 326.18 EUR


IB72002 IBI Scientific 500ML 47.54 EUR


IB72003 IBI Scientific 500ML X 6/PACK 267.34 EUR


IB72004 IBI Scientific 1L 68.73 EUR


IB72005 IBI Scientific 1L X 6/PACK 386.49 EUR


IB72006 IBI Scientific 10L 315.08 EUR

SM Buffer

ML103-100ML EWC Diagnostics 1 unit 27.98 EUR

SM Buffer

ML103-500ML EWC Diagnostics 1 unit 46.58 EUR

Buffer A

RK-BA-1 PHOENIX PEPTIDE 1x 500 ml 38.88 EUR
NA swabs provide an adequate alternative to NP swab collection for use with Ag-RDT, with the recognition that the test is most sensitive in specimens with high viral loads.
With the high sensitivity of RT-PCR testing on RTB from Ag-RDT, a more streamlined approach to confirmatory testing is possible without recollection or use of paired collections strategies. 
Nasal swabbing for SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) comes with many benefits but is slightly less sensitive than traditional nasopharyngeal swabbing; however, confirmatory lab-based testing could be performed directly from the residual buffer from either sample type.

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