Practical Enhancements in Current Density and Power Generation of Bifacial Semitransparent Ultrathin CIGSe Solar Cells via Utilization of Wide Bandgap Zn-Based Buffer

Among many building-integrated semitransparent photovoltaics (BISTPVs), semitransparent ultrathin (STUT) Cu(Inx ,Ga1-x )Se2 (CIGSe) solar cells are distinguishable due to their potential high power conversion efficiency (PCE) among other thin-film solar cells, versatile applicability based on thin film deposition processes, high stability consisting of all inorganic compositions, and practical expandability to bifacial applications.
However,Bio Med Frontiers the fundamental trade-off relationship between PCE and transparency limits the performance of BISTPV because implementing a higher semitransparency lowers the optical budget of incoming light.
To expand the available optical budget and to enhance the PCE while maintaining a suitable transparency in STUT CIGSe solar cell with single-stage coevaporated 500-nm-thick absorber, an atomic layer deposited wide bandgap Zn(O,S) buffer is introduced as the replacement of conventional CdS buffer, which partially limits incoming light less than 520 nm in wavelength.
As a replacement result, more incoming light becomes valid for power conversion, and the short circuit current density (Jsc ) has increased comparatively by 17%, which has directly lead to a large increase in PCE up to 12.41%. Furthermore, Zn(O,S) buffer in the STUT CIGSe solar cell also has enhanced the bifacial compatible efficiency (BCE), which has increased to 14.44% at 1.3 sun and 19.42% at 2.0 sun.

Hydroxyl radical and carbonate radical facilitate chlortetracycline degradation in the bio-photoelectrochemical system with a bioanode and a Bi 2 O 3/CuO photocathode using bicarbonate buffer

  • The single-chamber bio-photoelectrochemical system (BPES) with a bioanode and a Bi2O3/CuO photocathode is developed for chlortetracycline (CTC) degradation under simulated solar irradiation, using phosphate buffer solution (PBS) or NaHCO3 as buffer solution.
  • The optimized Bi2O3/CuO photocathode possesses rich vacancies, great photoresponse capability, and exhibits great photocatalytic activity toward CTC degradation due to its Z-scheme structure.
  • Electron spin-resonance spectroscopy (ESR) and reactive species trapping experiments reveal that superoxide radicals/hydroxyl radicals are both the main radicals contributing to CTC degradation.
  • Moreover, carbonate radical plays a more effective role toward CTC degradation, Contact resulting in 40% improvement for CTC degradation in the BPES within 2 h. Higher current density (maximum of 137.6 A m-3) and more negative cathode potential are obtained from the illuminated BPES with NaHCO3 buffer. Possible mechanism and pathways of CTC degradation are proposed.
  • This study contributes to the development of BPESs for antibiotics degradation.

Can social support buffer the association between loneliness and hypertension? a cross-sectional study in rural China

Hypertension has reached epidemic levels in rural China, where loneliness has been a major problem among community dwellers as a consequence of rural-to-urban migration among younger generations. The objective of the study is to investigate the association between loneliness and hypertension, and whether social support can buffer the association (i.e., stress buffering theory), using cross-sectional data from 765 adults (mean age: 59.1 years) in rural Fujian, China.
 Social support was measured as the reciprocal instrumental social support from/to neighbors and the reciprocal emotional support (i.e., the number of close friends that the respondent could turn to for help immediately when they are in trouble).
A mixed-effect Poisson regression model with a robust variance estimator was used to investigate the association between loneliness, social support, and hypertension.
Analysis revealed that those who were lonely had a higher prevalence ratio for hypertension (prevalence ratio = 1.12, 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.26) compared to those who reported not being lonely.
There was an interaction between social support and loneliness in relation to hypertension.
Specifically, contrary to the stress buffering theory, the positive association between loneliness and hypertension was more pronounced among those who reported higher social support compared to those who reported lower support (p for interaction <0.001 for instrumental support).
The results suggest that being lonely despite high levels of social support poses the greatest risk for hypertension. This study did not confirm a buffering effect of social support on the association between loneliness and hypertension.

Highly Stable Buffer-Based Zinc Oxide/Reduced Graphene Oxide Nanosurface Chemistry for Rapid Immunosensing of SARS-CoV-2 Antigens

The widespread and long-lasting effect of the COVID-19 pandemic has called attention to the significance of technological advances in the rapid diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 virus.
This study reports the use of a highly stable buffer-based zinc oxide/reduced graphene oxide (bbZnO/rGO) nanocomposite coated on carbon screen-printed electrodes for electrochemical immuno-biosensing of SARS-CoV-2 nuelocapsid (N-) protein antigens in spiked and clinical samples.
The incorporation of a salt-based (ionic) matrix for uniform dispersion of the nanomixture eliminates multistep nanomaterial synthesis on the surface of the electrode and enables a stable single-step sensor nanocoating.
The immuno-biosensor provides a limit of detection of 21 fg/mL over a linear range of 1-10 000 pg/mL and exhibits a sensitivity of 32.07 ohms·mL/pg·mm2 for detection of N-protein in spiked samples.
The N-protein biosensor is successful in discriminating positive and negative clinical samples within 15 min, demonstrating its proof of concept used as a COVID-19 rapid antigen test.

Comparison between Nasal and Nasopharyngeal Swabs for SARS-CoV-2 Rapid Antigen Detection in an Asymptomatic Population, and Direct Confirmation by RT-PCR from the Residual Buffer

Containment measures employed during the COVID-19 pandemic included prompt recognition of cases, isolation, and contact tracing. Bilateral nasal (NA) swabs applied to a commercial antigen-based rapid diagnostic test (Ag-RDT) offer a simpler and more comfortable alternative to nasopharyngeal (NP) collection; however, little is known about the sensitivity of this method in an asymptomatic population.
Participants in community-based asymptomatic testing sites were screened for SARS-CoV-2 using an Ag-RDT with NP sampling.
Positive individuals returned for confirmatory molecular testing and consented to repeating the Ag-RDT using a bilateral NA swab for comparison. Residual test buffer (RTB) from Ag-RDTs was subjected to real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Of 123,617 asymptomatic individuals, 197 NP Ag-RDT-positive participants were included, with 175 confirmed positive by RT-PCR.
Of these cases, 154 were identified from the NA swab collection with Ag-RDT, with a sensitivity of 88.0% compared to the NP swab collection.
Stratifying results by RT-PCR cycle threshold demonstrated that sensitivity of the nasal collection method varied based on the cycle threshold (CT) value of the paired RT-PCR sample. RT-PCR testing on the RTB from the Ag-RDT using NP and NA swab collections resulted in 100.0% and 98.7% sensitivity, respectively.

PBS Buffer

RM00012 Abclonal 2L 102 EUR

10xTaq Buffer

PCRB60 Bio Basic 4x1.5ml, 6ml 58.7 EUR

Wash Buffer

KF17356 Neuromics 500 ml 179 EUR

Fixation Buffer

22015 Biotium 100mL 149 EUR

Permeabilization Buffer

22016 Biotium 100mL 149 EUR

ADA buffer

AD0003 Bio Basic 25g 64.79 EUR

Wash Buffer

abx098952-20ml Abbexa 20 ml 91 EUR

Coating Buffer

abx098970-1vial Abbexa 1 vial 154 EUR

Blocking Buffer

abx098972-1vial Abbexa 1 vial 154 EUR

Lysis Buffer

abx098984-LysisBuffer120ml Abbexa Lysis Buffer 1 (20 ml) 154 EUR

Lysis Buffer

abx098984-LysisBuffer3100ml Abbexa Lysis Buffer 3 (100ml) 230 EUR

Lysis Buffer

abx098984-LysisBuffer420ml Abbexa Lysis Buffer 4 (20 ml) 154 EUR

Tricine buffer

20-abx082551 Abbexa
  • 217.00 EUR
  • 189.00 EUR
  • 100 g
  • 25 g

Binding Buffer

abx290019-50ml Abbexa 50 ml 230 EUR

Wash Buffer

abx293002-30ml Abbexa 30 ml 105 EUR

Binding Buffer

BB10X-50ML ImmunoStep 50 ML 113.7 EUR

RIPA Buffer

GR103019 Genorise Scientific 50 mL 59 EUR
NA swabs provide an adequate alternative to NP swab collection for use with Ag-RDT, with the recognition that the test is most sensitive in specimens with high viral loads.
With the high sensitivity of RT-PCR testing on RTB from Ag-RDT, a more streamlined approach to confirmatory testing is possible without recollection or use of paired collections strategies. 
Nasal swabbing for SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) comes with many benefits but is slightly less sensitive than traditional nasopharyngeal swabbing; however, confirmatory lab-based testing could be performed directly from the residual buffer from either sample type.

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